By the way, the cartoon below, which is being widely circulated on social media right now, is arguably pretty much a misrepresentation of Popper. Note the mistaken understanding of evolution. Hate speech can affect those who are repeated objects of hate with a crippling toxic stress and a sense of distrust and fear that can keep those hated from living full and free lives.
You only suppress them when they have forsaken argument and committed themselves to violence as a first response. In Australia we once had a referendum on whether to ban the Communist Party, which at the time was arguing that wealthy capitalists were destroying the country.
The Open Society And Its Enemies, quoted above, is so good that all of the Popper quotes above are contained in a single footnote. Shall we say now that it Lakoff hate speech not free speech, and that communism should have been banned? Here is the reason: If we extend unlimited tolerance even to those who are intolerant, if we are not prepared to defend a tolerant society against the onslaught of the intolerant, then the tolerant will be destroyed, and tolerance with them.
Extolling the false virtues of the opposite class, suggesting that the defamed class lacks those virtues. Language can thus change brains, both for the better and the worse. This can be as tough on them than a physical attack. Here is the reason: Mass-market hate stands resolutely in the path of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness for all Americans.
Therefore, hate speech is violence. Freedom in a free society is supposed to be for all. Freedom in a free society is freedom for all. The imposition on the freedom of others can come in overt, immediate physical form — thugs coming to attack with weapons.
Metaphor based on fallacious understanding: And since it imposes on the freedom of others, it is not an instance of freedom. Miscellaneous footnotes Footnote 1: It is actually physical in nature because all ideas are physically constituted by neural circuitry in our brains.
Therefore, our dog is a cat. The long—term, often crippling physical effects of hate speech on the neural systems of those hated does not have status in law, since our neural systems do not have status in our legal system — at least not yet. This internal harm can be even more severe than an attack with a fist.
Therefore, freedom rules out imposing on the freedom of others. His argument seems to call for tolerance up until the last possible moment. You can see the problem with this when you substitute in other terms: It is not exactly hard to detect.
It imposes on their ability to think and act.
Well, at least for the moment. As I mentioned, I can see the argument for a line. Hate speech can also change the brains of those with mild prejudice, moving it towards hate and threatening action.
That is because language has a psychological effect imposed physically — on the neural system, with long-term crippling effects. Popper, of course, had close-up experience of actual nazis and communists.
After that, some thoughts on why he might be wrong. The statement suggests that non-whites are lower than whites on an evolutionary scale, as if they were animals.And Why Hate Speech is Not Free Speech by George Lakoff Originally published by George Lakoff on ultimedescente.com | Twitter: @georgelakoff | Republished with permission | View the original article | Photo: Ben Taylor| George Lakoff is contributing author to United We Stand (Garn Press), available on Amazon ($).
In the case of hate speech, though, her honesty is her undoing. Lakoff irreparably undermines her case when she describes an argument advanced by scholar Franklyn Haiman.
Returning to Austin's performative utterances, Haiman observes that language is actually mediated action. Hate speech these days is not just speech by an individual.
It has become an industry for the racist right — organized, purposely provocative, a recruiting tool, and a show of power aiming at greater power.
When hate is physically in your brain, then you think hate and feel hate, you are moved to act to carry out what you physically, in your neural system, think and feel. That is why hate speech in not “mere” speech.
Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Lakoff Hate Speech. Jul 11, · “The Language War” by Robin Tolmach Lakoff From hate speech laws to the battle over Native American sports team names, a linguist shows why we’re so worked up about the power of words.Download