The healers tizitl had several specialities. The Aztecs additionally had landless serfs and slaves. Female tizitl would treat women throughout their reproductive life. At this point the power balance had shifted towards the Spaniards who now held Motecuzoma as a prisoner in his own palace.
Men and women All this was full of ceremony and form. At the same time, life was full of celebration, hard work, joy, sorrow, and love, much as it has been in societies around the world for all of history.
They were led up the steps of the high pyramid to the altar, where chiefs and priests took turns at slitting open their bodies and tearing out their hearts.
Calpulli[ edit ] The calpulli from Nahuatl calpulli meaning "big house" was a political unit composed of several interrelated family groups. Mobility between the two social layers was difficult, but in practice both the commoner and noble groups were structured into finer hierarchies and a high degree of social mobility was possible within a given layer.
The pochteca tlatoque were the elder of the pochteca, and were no longer travelers, but rather acted as administrators, overseeing young pochteca and administering the marketplace. The accession of a new ruler in the dominant city state was often an occasion for subjected cities to rebel by refusing to pay tribute.
He began an enlargement of the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan, inaugurating the new temple in The slaves had certain rights.
The pipiltin held the high ranking positions in the priesthood, the army, and the government. But, while they were impacted by various sources, they developed their own distinct social groupings, political structures, traditions, and leisure activities.
For example, the pochtecalong distance traders, were considered commoners yet at the same time held a number of privileges comparable to those of the lesser nobility.
The altepetl included a capital which served as a religious center, the hub of distribution and organization of a local population which often lived spread out in minor settlements surrounding the capital. Social Classes There were different social classes within Aztec society.
Of course, they were held in high regard in the family itself. They primarily practiced four methods of agriculture: On the basis of current chinampa yields, it has been estimated that 1 hectare of chinampa would feed 20 individuals and 9, hectares of chinampas could feedWar was even used as a symbol of childbirth.
Down there, where Ayopechcatl lives, the jewel is born, a child has come into the world.
Also there were tizitl specialized in surgery, digestive diseases, teeth and nose, skin diseases, etc. Of course, while a woman was involved in household tasks, a man would be more likely to become a warrior. In Aztec marketplaces, a small rabbit was worth 30 beans, a turkey egg cost 3 beans, and a tamal cost a single bean.
Priests, warriors and artisans who earned their rank were also considered to be a part of this class. Ethnohistorian Ross Hassig has argued that Aztec empire is best understood as an informal or hegemonic empire because it did not exert supreme authority over the conquered lands; it merely expected tributes to be paid and exerted force only to the degree it was necessary to ensure the payment of tribute.
Up until the age of 8, the preferred method of discipline was simply verbal. Several pages from the Codex Mendoza list tributary towns along with the goods they supplied, which included not only luxuries such as feathers, adorned suits, and greenstone beads, but more practical goods such as cloth, firewood, and food.
Their military power grew as well, and they began to conquer peoples in the surrounding areas. Slaveowners were responsible for housing and feeding their slaves, and slaves generally could not be resold.
Aztec warfare Aztec armed forces were typically composed of large numbers of commoners with basic military training, who were stiffened by smaller numbers of professional warriors belonging to the nobility. Polygamy was not very common among the commoners and some sources describe it as being prohibited.
Such compliance was secured by establishing and maintaining a network of elites, related through intermarriage and different forms of exchange. Some of the telpochcalli students were chosen for the army, but most of them returned to their homes.
Men also engaged in craft specializations such as the production of ceramics and of obsidian and flint tools, and of luxury goods such as beadwork, featherwork and the elaboration of tools and musical instruments.
The schools imposed harsh punishments on their students for misbehavior and the calmecac were especially strict because noble children were held to a higher standard than commoner children.The basic unit of Aztec society was the family.
The family was very important to the Aztecs and marriage was considered sacred.
Men could marry more than one wife, but there was usually a primary wife who was in charge of the household. Marriages were arranged by matchmakers.
Families belonged to a. Find out more about the history of Aztecs, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. It was a highly structured society with a strict caste system; at the. Ancient Aztec Society Excerpt from Britannica Online: [T]he Aztecs ruled the area from the Gulf of Mexico to the Cordilleras and southward into present-day Guatemala.
However, their emperor, Montezuma II, did not have a firmly organized empire. In Aztec society, warriors, priests, and the nobility were considered to be among the most respected in the Aztecan social hierarchy Because of the Aztecs' emphasis on warfare, the warrior class was highly valued, and often warriors would volunteer for the most important Aztec sacrificial rituals.
Aztec Society Learning about the Aztecs society was really interesting experience. They believed in being independent and had a really well-ordered out existence. In fact the most impressive attribute I found was the idea of free education for all irrespective of the class the children belonged to.
An Aztec society family was ruled in many ways by religion, tradition, and structure. Life was ruled by fate - from beginning to end your family life, occupation, and success depended on the important dates in your life and the structure of the universe and the nature of the gods.Download